by Erik Noffz, First Sensor AG
A key component to ensure automotive LiDAR reliability and functionality is the sensor— the “eyes” of the LiDAR system. Viable sensor solutions for this application need to bring together performance, quality and reliability but also appropriate cost and scalability.
Continue reading “LiDAR receivers for automotive applications”
by Jakub Stein-Cichoszewski, Elmos Semiconductor AG
LIDAR is one of the enabling sensor technology for advanced driver assistance system (ADAS), autonomous driving and mobile robotics. Therefore, we developed LIDAR dedicated Single-Photon Avalanche Diode (SPAD) arrays and Silicon Photomultiplier (SiPM) arrays, which are manufactured within our own automotive qualified 0.35µm CMOS technology.
A 16×256 pixels SPAD Array with integrated time-to-digital converter (TDC) enables laser ranging with a maximal range of 192 m and a resolution of 4.68 cm, respectively. For efficient background light rejection each macro-pixel uses four vertically arranged single SPADs based on the detection of temporal correlated photons. Very high SPAD fill factor for better photon management results from relocation of both coincidence and TDC circuits into the sensor’s periphery.
Continue reading “CMOS based SPAD Arrays and SiPMs for the next LIDAR generation”